lBiomass recycles carbon from the air and spares
the use of fossil fuels, reducing the need to pump additional fossil
carbon from the ground into the atmosphere.
lBiomass comes from green
plants which actively absorb CO2 from the atmosphere and convert it into sugars, which are then stored in long molecules like cellulose.
lEventually this plant carbon
is returned to the atmosphere by natural decay processes, including the breakdown of cellulose.
lWe can intervene in this
process by breaking down cellulose to glucose in biomass processing plants, then converting the sugars to cellulose ethanol, which is a substitute
lUsing ethanol made from biomass sugars
reduces the need for fossil fuels like gasoline.
also be burned to produce electricity, or gasified to produce a non-fossil substitute for natural gas.
lBiomass is an abundant
and underutilized resource which remains to be effectively used on a commercial and societal scale.
lGreen plants produce an
estimated 1 trillion metric tons of cellulose every year. Using even a fraction of this for fuel ethanol and biogas could begin to reduce our yearly
addition of more fossil carbon to the atmosphere, slowing the
increase in global warming, and providing additional domestic energy supplies and jobs.