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Why Biomass?
Introduction | Intro 2 | Who Uses Biomass And Who Doesn't? | What Is Biomass Energy? | Kinds Of Biomass | Wood And Wood Waste | Why Biomass? | How Does Biomass Work? | Using Biomass Energy | Biomass Economics | Advatages And Disadvantages | Website Appendix | Conclusion

How will it help us?

Earth Science Project: Biomass

Why Is It Important?

 
lBiomass recycles carbon from the air and spares the use of fossil fuels, reducing the need to pump additional fossil carbon from the ground into the atmosphere. 
lBiomass comes from green plants which actively absorb CO2 from the atmosphere and convert it into sugars, which are then stored in long molecules like cellulose.
lEventually this plant carbon is returned to the atmosphere by natural decay processes, including the breakdown of cellulose.    
lWe can intervene in this process by breaking down cellulose to glucose in biomass processing plants, then converting the sugars to cellulose ethanol, which is a substitute for gasoline.
lUsing ethanol made from biomass sugars reduces the need for fossil fuels like gasoline.
lBiomass can also be burned to produce electricity, or gasified to produce a non-fossil substitute for natural gas.
lBiomass is an abundant and underutilized resource which remains to be effectively used on a commercial and societal scale. 
lGreen plants produce an estimated 1 trillion metric tons of cellulose every year. Using even a fraction of this for fuel ethanol and biogas could begin to reduce our yearly addition of more fossil carbon to the atmosphere, slowing the increase in global warming, and providing additional domestic energy supplies and jobs.